Scientists have plan to bring back Mars' oceans
- Author: Tracy Ferguson Mar 08, 2017,
Mar 08, 2017, 0:30
Finding innovative ways to make the surface of the red planet gradually more conducive to human living.
Speaking at the Planetary Science Vision 2050 Workshop at NASA headquarters in Washington, DC, one scientist proposed the enticing idea of launching a "magnetic shield" to a stable orbit between Mars and the sun, called Mars L1, that could shield the planet from high-energy solar particles.
However, NASA has outlined a way of making Mars much more habitable - and in the process taken a significant step towards allowing human exploration of the planet. According to one of NASA's senior scientists, the employment of a giant magnetic shield around Mars may make it habitable, and the entire scientist and astronomer community has gone gaga over this announcement. Magnetic field on Mars in the past would have played an important role in maintaining water and atmospheric gases on the planet.
All this paradise-like conditions ended when Mars lost its magnetic field, between 3.7 and 4.2 billions of years ago.
Who is going to colonize Mars first?
A NASA-led team of scientists has proposed a preposterous idea so much so that it could actually work which dictates that a magnetic shield to be situated at the L1, Lagrange Point beyond the Martian planet creating an artificial magnetosphere to deflect solar winds and incoming radiation.
The magnetic shield will protect the atmosphere of the red planet from solar wind.
"This situation then eliminates numerous solar wind erosion processes that occur with the planet's ionosphere and upper atmosphere allowing the Martian atmosphere to grow in pressure and temperature over time", Green and his team of researchers explained in an supplementary paper.
"It may be feasible that we can get up to these higher field strengths that are necessary to provide that shielding".
"We need to be able then to also modify that direction of the magnetic field so that it always pushes the solar wind away". Elon Musk, SpaceX owner, once suggested that Mars nuking may subdue the atmosphere but it was rejected outright by the space scientists. Despite its similarities to Earth, the planet is still inimical to human life, with sub-Antarctic temperatures all year round, an atmosphere is composed of roughly 95 percent carbon dioxide, 0.13 percent oxygen, and minor traces of water, nitrogen oxide, neon, hydrogen-deuterium-oxygen, krypton, and xenon. Doing this may help restore the Martian atmosphere and terraform its environment so liquid water would once again flow on its surface. But, on a cold and desolate planet whose minuscule atmosphere is severely lacking, how do you sustain human life for long periods of time? Green argued, would allow for human explorers to study the planet in much greater detail, and help determine its habitability, since numerous elements that pointed towards Mars being habitable in the past would slowly seep back into and onto the planet's environment.